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Apollonia Dental
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Apollonia Dental

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs): Gum Disease

How can we help you?

At Apollonia Dental, we believe in empowering our patients to understand and take charge of their dental care. We want you to understand the dental care procedures and therapies we perform, and we will always discuss your treatment options with you so that you can make a smart, informed decision. We have found that giving patients the tools to improve their own health results in more involved patients and a better commitment to healthcare routines.

The cost of your treatment may vary depending on your individual needs and treatment plan. We will discuss with you the cost of your treatment and each of your available payment plan options before you begin treatment, so that you can make the best choice for you, your smile, and your family. Your smile is yours forever, and we want to make it as easy as possible for you to receive the best dental care whenever you need it. 

Please read through our selection of dental care questions patients often ask about our practice, the services we offer, and dental healthcare in general. If your question is not answered here, we invite you to give us a call or contact us using our convenient online form.

Gum Disease

While early gum disease, or gingivitis, is usually reversible with no permanent damage through changes in hygiene habits and the addition of antimicrobial products, once it progresses to the advanced stage known as periodontitis, the damage to your gums and bone can only be repaired through surgery. There are several forms of treatment available, however, depending on how far the disease has progressed, and these can stop periodontal disease and prevent further damage.

At Apollonia Dental, your dental office in Middleton, CT, we take the health of your gums very seriously. Gum disease is a chronic, progressive disease that has been linked to other serious systemic diseases, and we’ll work hard to help you prevent it from ever starting. There are several ways you can work at home to help prevent gum disease, and we will review the changes you can make in addition to in-office procedures such as deep cleanings. Treatments are available to stop the progression of gum disease, and we will discuss these with you and provide our recommendations.

If you have any symptoms of gum disease or think you may have gum disease, call to schedule an appointment today. The sooner gum disease is caught and treated, the easier and simpler the treatment will be and the lower the permanent impact on your oral health will be.

In addition to causing inflammation, infection, and possible tooth and bone loss in your mouth, gum disease can contribute to other medical problems, not limited to your oral health. Studies have shown gum disease may increase the risk of many health conditions such as heart disease, diabetes, stroke, heart attacks, and certain forms of cancer.

Some studies have determined a correlation between gum disease and reproductive problems. It can lead to low birth weight and pre-term births in pregnant women. The infection in your gums can spread to other areas of the body, leading to systemic problems. Advanced gum disease can also contribute to poor nutrition, as the soreness, inflammation and tooth loss can make eating difficult and painful.

At Apollonia Dental, we take gum disease very seriously. Prevention and early treatment is important not just to your oral health, but to your overall health. Our staff is trained in spotting early signs of gum disease and the best ways to treat it. We can teach you how you can prevent gum disease through proper home care routines, dietary choices, and regular check-ups and cleanings at our Middleton, CT dental office.

Call and schedule an exam and cleaning today and learn how to prevent gum disease tomorrow!

Gum disease is a threat, not just to your oral health, but to your overall health and wellness. Prevention of gum disease is a high priority of ours: an ounce of prevention is definitely worth a pound of cure where this disease is concerned!

While some factors that affect your risk for developing gum disease like your gender, your age, and your genetics are outside of your control, there are many steps you can take in your daily life to reduce your risk of gum disease, such as:

  • Brushing and flossing as directed using good technique (one of our skilled dental hygienists will be happy to discuss proper brushing and flossing technique with you!)
  • Visiting our office at least twice a year for your professional cleanings (more often if it is determined necessary)
  • Not smoking
  • Eating a variety of nutritious foods including plenty of fresh fruits and vegetables
  • Drinking plenty of water
  • Reducing stress
  • Avoiding clenching or grinding your teeth (we can help!)

We’re happy to help you develop a home-care routine that, combined with regular office visits, will give you the best chance at keeping gum disease at bay. Give our Middleton, CT dental office a call to schedule an appointment.


Gum disease is caused by untreated plaque and tartar on your teeth. Over time, the bacteria in the plaque and tartar causes inflammation, which leads to bleeding and soreness of the gums. This is the early stage of gum disease known as gingivitis. Gingivitis can usually be treated with regular brushing and flossing as well as regular cleanings to remove the plaque and tartar causing the gingivitis. At this stage, gum disease can be reversed with no permanent damage to your teeth or gums.

If gingivitis is left unchecked, it can worsen into the more severe form of gum disease known as periodontitis. In periodontitis the inflammation causes your gums to pull away from the teeth, creating “pockets.” These pockets become infected as plaque spreads below the gumline. The bacteria coupled with your body's immune response to the infection can cause damage to your teeth and the surrounding bone and gum tissue.

Periodontitis can sometimes be treated with a deep cleaning by a dental hygienist that includes scaling and root planing. Sometimes, antibacterial medications are helpful. If the pockets remain after scaling and root planing, surgery may be necessary to correct the pockets and prevent future infection. Periodontitis can also lead to tooth loss if left untreated and may require bone or tissue grafts if severe enough.

Call today to schedule an appointment for a cleaning to help prevent gum disease.

If it is caught and treated early enough, gum disease does not require surgery. However, if you have advanced periodontitis, the only way to treat your gum disease is with gum flap surgery.

Gum flap surgery consists of opening the gums to remove the tartar that has built up in the infected pockets. Once the tooth is clean, the gums are sutured snugly against the tooth. As the gums heal from surgery, they should heal against the tooth, eliminating the pockets created by the periodontitis. This procedure can alter the appearance of your teeth, making them look longer.

In cases of severe periodontitis involving loss of bone and gum tissue, we may recommend a bone or tissue graft to replace this lost mass. Bone grafting consists of placement of either synthetic bone or healthy bone material from another site to encourage bone regrowth. Tissue grafting is similar, using natural or synthetic tissue to replace lost gum tissue.

The success rates of bone and tissue grafts depend on many factors, including your dedication to home care, overall health, and how far the gum disease has progressed. We will do whatever we can to maximize your chance of successful grafts.

Contact our office to schedule an appointment if you think you have gum disease or if you need immediate treatment for gum disease.

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